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ICDS (Integrated Child Development Scheme)

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)

Launched on 2nd October, 1975, the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme is one of the flagship programmes of the Government of India and represents one of the world’s largest and unique programmes for early childhood care and development. It is the foremost symbol of country’s commitment to its children and nursing mothers, as a response to the challenge of providing pre-school non-formal education on one hand and breaking the vicious cycle of malnutrition, morbidity, reduced learning capacity and mortality on the other. The beneficiaries under the Scheme are children in the age group of 0-6 years, pregnant women and lactating mothers. To reduce mortality morbidity and malnutrition among the children in U.T of Chandigarh, the ICDS project was started on 1.8.1979 with 24 anganwadi centres. At present there are 3 ICDS Projects comprising of 450 anganwadi centres covering an approx. population of over 5.50 lac in peripheral areas, villages, colonies and slum areas.

Objectives of the Scheme:

  • to improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years;
  • to lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child;
  • to reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout;
  • to achieve effective co-ordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development; and
  • to enhance the capabilities of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.

Services under ICDS

The ICDS Scheme offers a package of six services, viz.

  • Supplementary Nutrition
  • Pre-school non-formal education
  • Nutrition & health education
  • Immunization
  • Health check-up and
  • Referral services

                        The last three services are related to health and are provided by Ministry/Department of Health and Family Welfare through NRHM & Health system. The perception of providing a package of services is based primarily on the consideration that the overall impact will be much larger if the different services develop in an integrated manner as the efficacy of a particular service depends upon the support it receives from the related. services.

                        For better governance in the delivery of the Scheme, convergence is, therefore, one of the key features of the ICDS Scheme. This convergence is in-built in the Scheme which provides a platform in the form of Anganwadi Centres for providing all services under the Scheme.

The delivery of services to the beneficiaries is as follows:

Services

Target Group

Service provided by

(i)Supplementary Nutrition

 Children below 6 years,

Pregnant & Lactating Mothers (P&LM)

Anganwadi Worker and Anganwadi Helper [MWCD]

(ii) Immunization*

Children below 6 years,

Pregnant & Lactating Mothers (P&LM)

ANM/MO
[Health system, MHFW]

AWWs are mobilising beneficiaries for complete immunization.

(iii) Health Check-up*

Children below 6 years,

Pregnant & Lactating Mothers (P&LM) 

ANM/MO/AWW
[Health system, MHFW]
 

(iv) Referral Services

Children below 6 years,

Pregnant & Lactating Mothers (P&LM) 

AWW/ANM/MO
[Health system, MHFW]

(v) Pre-School Education

Children 3-6 years

AWW
[MWCD]

(vi) Nutrition & Health Education

Women (15-45 years)

AWW/ANM/MO
[Health system, MHFW & MWCD]

* AWW assists ANM in identifying the target group.

Registration of Beneficiaries

                        All children below 6 years of age, pregnant women and lactating mothers are eligible for availing of services under the ICDS Scheme. BPL is not a criterion for registration of beneficiaries under ICDS. The Scheme is universal for all categories of beneficiaries and in coverage.

  1. Supplementary Nutrition Programme

                        Supplementary Nutrition Programme is a component under ICDS Scheme.All families in the community are surveyed, to identify beneficiaries under the scheme i.e. children below the age of six, pregnant women & nursing mothers. All the beneficiaries are entitled for supplementary feeding support for 300 days in a year. Provision of supplementary nutrition is primarily made to bridge the gap between the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) and the Average Daily Intake (ADI) of children, pregnant and lactating women.

                        As per revised Nutritional and feeding norms the children from 3 to 6 years who visit Anganwadi centres are entitled for more than one meal. This includes morning snacks followed by a hot cooked meal (HCM). For children below 3 years of age, pregnant and lactating mothers, Take Home Rations (THRs) are to be provided. Besides, for severely underweight children in the age group of 6 months to 6 years, additional food items in the form of micronutrient fortified food and/or energy dense food as THR are to be provided. These norms have also been endorsed by the Supreme Court in order dated 22.04.2009. The extent of nutritional supplements along with financial norms to different types of beneficiaries are indicated below:

CATEGORY OF BENEFICIARIES

 

SPECIFICATIONS

PERMISSIBLE EXPENDITURE PER CAPITA (RS.)

CALORIES

PROTEIN (Gms)

6 month to 6 years (severely malnourished)

12.00

800

20-25

6 month to 6 yrs.(normal)

8.00

500

12-15

Pregnant & Nursing ladies

9.50

600

18-20

Adolescent girls

9.50

600

18-20

                     

At present the following beneficiaries are enrolled as on 31.03.2021

No. of centres

Children 6month to 3 years

Children 3 to 6 years

Pregnant and Nursing

Adolescent girls

450

23254

26517

8329

70

                        At present the Supplementary Nutrition Food is being supplied by Prison Department in 100 anganwadi centres and 4 NPOs have been engaged for the supply of Supplementary Nutrition in remaining 350 anganwadi centres. However, the department plans to hand over all the remaining 350 anganwadi centres to the Jail Authorities for supply of Supplementary Nutrition Programme. As per the norms UT of Chandigarh has been providing the Supplementary Nutrition Food as per below mentioned menu.

DAYS

ITEMS

Beneficiaries

MONDAY

Weaning Food

Children 6m to 1 years (normal and undernourished)

 

Murmura Mixture (Morning Snacks)

Children 1 yr to 6 years

 

Karhi Rice (Noon Supply)

Children 1 to 6 years Pregnant and Nursing Mothers and Adolescent Girls

TUESDAY

Weaning Food

Children 6m to 1 years (normal and undernourished)

 

Halwa (Morning Snacks)

Children 1 yr to 6 years

 

Aaloo Nuteri with Gravy , Rice (Noon supply)

Children 1 to 6 years Pregnant and Nursing Mothers and Adolescent Girls

Wednesday

Weaning Food

Children 6m to 1 years (normal and undernourished)

 

Sweet Dalia (Morning Snacks)

Children 1 yr to 6 years

 

Khichri (Noon supply)

Children 1 to 6 years Pregnant and Nursing Mothers and Adolescent Girls

Thursday

Weaning Food

Children 6m to 1 years (normal and undernourished)

 

Murmura Mixture (Morning Snacks)

Children 1 yr to 6 years

 

Moong Dal & Rice (Noon supply)

Children 1 to 6 years Pregnant and Nursing Mothers and Adolescent Girls

Friday

Weaning Food

Children 6m to 1 years (normal and undernourished)

 

Sweet Dalia (Morning Snacks)

Children 1 yr to 6 years

 

Ghiya Chana Dal, Rice (Noon supply)

Children 1 to 6 years Pregnant and Nursing Mothers and Adolescent Girls

Saturday

Weaning Food

Children 6m  to 1 years (normal and undernourished)

 

Halwa (Morning Snacks)                   

Children 1 yr to 6 years

 

Aaloo Chana (Black) , Rice  (Noon supply)

Children 1 to 6 years Pregnant and Nursing Mothers and Adolescent Girls

                      

                        In compliance of the Advisory issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt of India vide letter No Z-21020/14/2020-PH dated 5th March,2020 “to reduce the Mass Gathering to avoid spread of corona virus”, the Department decided to close all 450 Anganwadi Centres functioning in UT, Chandigarh w.e.f. 16.03.2020. Thereafter, Take Home Ration in the form of  BesanPanjiri/Weaning Food was supplied to all the beneficiaries of Anganwadi Centres till 15.8.2020. Further, Take Home Ration in the form of Raw Material is being distributed we.f.17.8.2020. Details are given below:

Sr. No

Beneficiaries

Fortified Rice Parmal (Raw)

Dalia

(Raw)

Jowar Flour

Black Wheat Flour

Black Channa

(Raw)

Peanut

1.

6m – 6 yrs. Children(Normal)

1 kg

Per  benef

1 kg

per benef

1 kg

per benef.

Nil

1 kg

per benef.

Nil

2.

6m-6 yrs Moderate Mal Nourished Children

1 kg

Per  benef

1 kg    per benef

1 kg    per benef

1 kg

per benef.

1 kg

per benef.

Nil

3.

6m-6 yrs Severely Mal Nourished Children

1 kg

Per  benef

1 kg    per benef

1 kg    per benef

1 kg

per benef.

1 kg

per benef.

1 kg          Per

Benef

4.

Pregnant, Nursing Mothers, Adolescent Girls

1 kg

per benef.

1kg     per benef.

1 kg

per benef.

Nil

1 kg

per benef.

½ Kg.  Per

Benef

 

  1.  IMMUNIZATION:

                        Immunization of pregnant women and infants protects children from six vaccine preventable diseases-poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, tuberculosis and measles. These are major preventable causes of child mortality, disability, morbidity and related malnutrition. Immunization of pregnant women against tetanus also reduces maternal and neonatal mortality. Immunization of all the children in the age group of 0 to 6 yrs, Pregnant Women and Adolescent girls within the jurisdiction of AWC, are ensured in convergence with Department of Health as per the details as under:-

S. No

Category

Immunization/ Supplementation

1.

Pregnant Women

Ist        and 2nd Doze of T.T, Booster, Iron and Folic Acid Tablets as per the recommendation of the Health Staff

2.

Infant

B.C.G at Birth or within 1 month

3.

Infant

Panta I,II3 dozes at 6 weeks,10 weeks, 14 weeks

4.

Infant

Measles at 9months with 1st doze of Vit A ( 5 dozes of Vit A up to the age of 3 yrs)

5.

Children

DPT/Polic Booster doze at 11/2 yrs

6.

Children

DT at 5 yrs

7.

Children

MMR Immunization after 18 months

8.

Adolescent girl

T.T./Rubella/Iron and Folic Acid Tablets

  1.  HEALTH CHECK-UPS:

                        This includes health care of children less than six years of age, antenatal care of expectant mothers and postnatal care of nursing mothers. The various health services provided for children by anganwadi workers and Primary Health Centre (PHC) staff, include regular health check-ups, recording of weight, immunization, management of malnutrition, treatment of diarrhoea, de-worming and distribution of simple medicines etc.

                        The Duty Roaster is being prepared by the Health Department for the Medical Officer and Para Medical Staff for covering 450 Anganwadi centres for the health check up of the beneficiaries of AWC.

                        The children in the age group of 0-3yrs are being weighed every month, the children in the age group of 3-6 yrs are weighed every 3rd month and the mal nourished children are being weighed every month.

  1. REFERRAL SERVICES:

                        During health check-ups and growth monitoring, sick or malnourished children, children in need of prompt medical attention, are referred to the hospital or its sub-centre. The Anganwadi Workers have also been oriented to detect High Risk Pregnancy, Low Birth Weight Child, Neuro-Tube Defects, and Disabilities in Young Children. They enlist all such cases in a special register and refer them to the medical officer of the dispensary/ Sub-centre. The referral services are being provided to the children in the age group of 0-6yrs, Pregnant Women, Nursing Mothers who are at risk.

5. NON-FORMAL PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION (PSE)

Norms:           The Govt. of India has approved the rates of pre school kit/ECCE including Training @ Rs.5,000/- per annum vide D.O. letter No.12/1/2017-ECCE dated 7.9.2017.

                        Pre School Education is a child centric programme for 3 to 6 years old children which follows the play way activity approach using toys, play equipment’s etc. Young children learn through play and by interacting with their immediate environment. Anganwadi Workers can make their environment stimulating by providing a range of developmentally appropriate play and learning materials to encourage imagination and promote a sound foundation for learning. Availability and accessibility to variety of materials can support the child’s holistic development which includes physical and motor skills, cognitive skills, language and communication skills, socio-emotional development and creativity.

                        To ensure the holistic development of the children the Play and Learning Material are available at all Anganwadi Centre in U.T, Chandigarh. Posters and conversation charts are placed at eye level for children. Playing items are easily accessible to children so that they can use and choose the material during free play and individual activities. 

                        During the COVID-19 era the Department of Social Welfare, Women & Child Development taken an initiative in convergence with non-government organization i.e. Rocket Learning by implementing Online Pre-School Education “Smart Anganwadi Centre”. 450 whatsapp groups are being createdby Anganwadi workers to coordinate with parents of beneficiaries (Children) in their respective Anganwadi area. Anganwadi workers are sharing the videos and study material in all whatsapp groups on daily basis. Parents are asked follow the instruction and to conduct the activities with their children and send the photos and videos of activities on the groups. Anganwadi workers are encouraging and facilitating the parents and solving their doubts by using the technology.

6. NUTRITION AND HEALTH EDUCATION:

                        Nutrition and Health Education have the long term goal of capacity-building of women – especially in the age group of 15-45 years so that they can look after their own health & nutrition, their family’s Health and nutrition and development needs of their children.

                        Anganwadi Workers are conducting Home Visits (05 per day by each AWW), Community Based Events (twice in a month at each AWC), Urban Health Sanitation and Nutrition Day (once in a month at each AWC), ECCE Day (every 2nd Wednesday in a month at each AWC) regularly to mobilize the community.

Scheme for  Adolescent Girls-(SAG)

                        The Govt. of India had introduced Scheme for “out of the school” adolescent girls in the age group of 11-14 years namely “Scheme for Adolescent girls”-SAG, using the platform of ICDS through the Anganwadi Centre located in the Union Territory of Chandigarh. Under this scheme the following services are being provided to them:-

1.         Nutrition Component for 11-14 years for out of school girls 

2.         Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation

3.         Health Check up and Referral Service

4.         Nutrition and Health Education

5.         Counseling/Guidance on Family Welfare, ARSH, Child Care Practices and Home        Management

6.         Life Skill Education and accessing public services

7.         Vocational training for girls aged 14 and above under National Skill Development    Programme             (NSDP)

THE ICDS TEAM:

The ICDS team is including the Anganwadi Workers, Anganwadi Helpers, Supervisors, Child Development Project Officers (CDPOs) and District Programme Officers (DPOs). Anganwadi Worker, a lady selected from the local community, is a community based frontline honorary worker of the ICDS Programme . She is also an agent of social change, mobilizing community support for better care of young children, girls and women. Besides, the medical officers and Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) form a team with the ICDS functionaries to achieve convergence of different services.

STATUS of ANGANWADI WORKERS AND HELPERS:

                        At present 450 Anganwadi Centres are functioning in U.T. Chandigarh. As per orders from Government of India, Vide No.11-36/2016-CD.I, dated 20th September, 2018, Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) & Anganwadi Helpers (AWHs), being honorary workers, are paid a monthly honorarium as under:-

HONORARIUM TO ANGANWADI WORKERS AND HELPERS UNDER CENTRAL AND STATE BUDGET

Sr. No.

Post

Amount (Rs.)

Centre/State Share

1.

Anganwadi Worker

4500/-

Honorarium (Centre Share)

 

 

3600/-

Enhancement (State Budget)

 

 

500/-

Incentive (Centre Share-

POSHAN Abhiyaan)

Total

8600/-

2.

Anganwadi Helper

2250/-

Honorarium (Centre Share)

 

 

1800/-

Enhancement (State Budget)

 

 

250/-

Incentive (Centre Share-ICDS)

 

Total

4300/-

 

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